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Introduction: There are many possibilities to use IOT in the agricultural environment to better manage activities on a farm, to improve net productivity, as well as the general health and well-being of livestock and personnel. Typical applications include equipping the livestock with GPS trackers and monitoring equipment to determine vital signs. For example, whether livestock are ready for breeding. Similarly, crops can be managed for their growth and for soil conditions. Water can be managed in terms of capacity of reservoirs, water articulation equipment and stock watering provisions. The overall infrastructure of the farm can be monitored including fences, gates, etc., for both integrity and security. Equipment can be monitored for health and operation, requirements for service. Vehicles and personnel on the farm can be tracked. To provide connectivity to achieve this, of course, requires wireless connectivity so we don't need to run cables to various points, so you would find a wide area network connecting to a local area network to provide connectivity down to the individual elements. Agricultural users of the system can instantly gain access to all the information they require using their mobile device, using drones for surveillance, etc. By providing these techniques, we can add a lot of capability to management of a farm. Sources: Information on this page sourced primarily from: A webinar titled What does it take to be an IOT Engineer? An agricultural case study by Dr Andrew Skinner, Engineering Director, MEA (Measurement Engineering Australia)
I’ll be blunt: the hype surrounding wearables as a mainstream commodity item is overstated, even in the context of IoT. I confess that I do own a watch, a gift from my wife, but I also confess that it languishes somewhere in the “third draw down”, along with other items that are out of sight and out of mind, but not necessarily in that order. Indeed, back in the day, everyone who could afford one wore a watch. When I was going through school, calculator watches were the representation of the pinnacle of electronic accessorising. And possibly handy in the classroom, too. Fast forward a couple of decades, and the hard data nowadays shows an obvious decline in the traditional wristwatch market; one that set in at around 2005. This doesn’t correlate with the surge in uptake of smart phones, but it does correlate with de-bulking of the “classic” generation of “dumb-phones” and general thrust toward affordable miniaturisation of consumer electronics. And for myself, that was the point at which my wristwatch was jettisoned. My mobile phone was now omnipresent in my hip pocket, keeping time and life rhythms. It turned out that my wristwatch was just baggage. Here is where I cut to the chase: aside from comfortable clothing, most people hate wearing stuff on their arms, wrists, and other body parts, without some mandatory utility. It’s un-natural. Just ask any cat! There must be a good reason to over-power this pragmatism, and those that do, broadly speaking, either value fashion over discomfort (ever tried on a pair of high heels?) or have a fundamental functional need for a wearable device (for example, aged care or patient monitoring). Wearables are a niche, and only the truly dedicated, security bound, or medically duressed will subscribe to their functions and fit, long term. Apple know this. The price point of Apple’s iWatch has been chosen with this directly in mind. Starting at $500, but escalating all the way toward $20,000. It is true to say that Fitbits have been popular, but are the anything more than a fad for most owners? My assertion is that it is mostly “fad”. Segue now to gym memberships - you know, those things that people buy as guilt-easing “carb offsets”. It has been estimated that 80% of Americans with gym memberships do not attend the gym. Why would Fitbits be any different? And, with slowing population growth, and thus a finite number of human wrists, necks, ankles etc, and the general trend in bodily divestment of “things” hanging off one’s limbs, the commodity wearables market is indeed one that must suffer a greatly compressed growth. So I am personally not seeing wearables as a facilitator for IoT or M2M growth outside of the B2B sector. There is undoubtedly a great B2B niche for wearables in aged care, and disabled care, if wearables are functional and technically integrated to become more than just “another sensor”, and add genuine value to the carers workload and economies of scale. Ditto that for animals of the four-legged variety, in the context of their “carers”, a.k.a “farmers”. We, as an industry need to “get over” commodity wearables, and wearables as an enabler to IoT nirvana. Like a gym membership that never gets used, they are distracting us from the more fundamental (and lucrative) challenges of IoT and IoT platform development. Thanks for reading. Jonathan Eggins - COO - Genesys Electronics Design