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    Title: Scaling up: The great data challenge for IoT Presenter: Chris Law, CEO, Future Grid Description: As the world flattens, the devices that power it and connect us are churning out more and more data. When Future Grid asked why no one was providing enterprises with a powerful, scalable, affordable, user-friendly data management solution to create value from their data, everyone said it was too much data to process. This presentation addresses how to deal with this problem. About the Presenter: Chris has an extensive, 20-year history holding strategic positions across a wide variety of industries, including energy, pay TV, telecommunications and construction. Chris’s accomplishments include delivering the strategic direction for large programs of work while more recently he has supported large enterprise innovation for companies, such as Foxtel, where he led a Field Workforce transformation program that delivered savings of over $30 million per year. As the visionary shaping and driving Future Grid’s mission, Chris recognised early on the emerging problem of an overabundance of data, as more devices become connected and produced more data. He recognised companies had no way to make sense of the reams of data in an efficient, cost-effective manner, and set out to make Future Grid an accessible, customer-centric solution for utilities and telcos. Chris holds a Bachelor of Electronics Engineering from Swinburne University.
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  5. grant.li

    Case Study on IoT Product Development


    where is link of login to today web meeting?
  6. Andrew at MEA

    What does it take to be an IoT engineer?

    The IoT and the Sensor Black-Hole MEA’s IoT product development road-map is pretty well laid out for the next two years: new CAT-M1, Myriota satellite and Sigfox network cores will connect third-party sensors to MEA’s Green Brain web-app. This in addition to our existing Plexus long-range ZigBee on-farm networks and the new Green Brain loggers with their Bluetooth to 3G/4G hop through farmers’ mobile phones. And of course, there’s always our GDots at the really bottom-end of our product spectrum for farmers replacing IoT technology with human gray matter. This all makes perfect sense from a company perspective, but I find myself off yawning in a corner, quite rightly leaving all the young bucks to work their digital magic. The IoT scenery – so mysterious just a few years ago – has become mundane. Lots of excitement still as the brawls develop in the race to create the networks that will carry all the data from billions of sensors but – yawn – the electronics design challenge has disappeared. Just connect a few wires from sensors to the IoT module and step back while the firmware/software boys step forward to do the real product development. I nailed all the solar-battery stuff years ago, so even that’s not around to interest me anymore. In the marketplace, more and more folk are coming out of the woodwork with a piece of the IoT jigsaw puzzle in their hand, looking for folk with matching pieces. Data analysis folk are looking for databases to work on. Software companies with databases are looking for system integrators to feed them data. System integrators are looking for network modules and network operators to carry their data to the software folk. Sensor manufacturers are looking for system integrators to snap up their offerings and solve the real-world installation issues. Everyone’s looking for customers, agents, distributors or investors/buyers. Yawn. With the IoT dust settling, I’m increasingly conscious of a black-hole appearing in my peripheral vision. Where will all the new sensors come from to interface the stubbornly analog world to this burgeoning digital world? Four decades of studying and using sensors has shown me that this is an area growing at a snail’s pace by comparison to the stellar developments in the digital sphere. New stuff appears only rarely, and then its rather more an adaption of older ideas using newer processes, or is far too expensive to match the low-cost devices in the digital arena. Sadly, analogue electronics is barely taught any longer at under-graduate level and its practitioners – such as myself – are ageing and increasingly sidelined in a digital world. Sure, there are sensors available for most of the regular tasks that can feed the IoT networks, but there are plenty of instances of poor-fits between what we have and what is needed in new applications. Sensor technology then is fertile ground for feeding the ravenous appetites predicted for upstream IoT technologies. Just a few more IoT products to knock out over the coming two years and I’ll be off to the home lab to think about weird and wonderful sensors to solve all those old intractable measurement problems. We analogue engineers are well-suited for just that sort of work. And the technology needed to build and test working circuits is all available for a song on eBay. I’ll happily leave the digital wars for a new generation to fight, while I focus on doing what I love – electronic sensor design. Analogue home labs – like mine – are well-suited to tackle future sensor droughts in the burgeoning IoT era
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    Webinar Recording: This webinar has now passed. The recording can be viewed free by EA Members in MyPortal . Navigate to Industry Applications and case studies >> Other --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Title: A case study on IoT Product Development: "If I knew then what I know now..." Presenter: Robin Mysell, CEO, ATF Services Description: “If I knew four years ago what I know now, I would probably have saved myself a million dollars”. Robin Mysell and his team at ATF Services are at the cutting edge of IoT product development, marketing a range of consumer devices that are taking full advantage of the full range of IoT technologies. Four years ago the business provided temporary fencing and height safety services but made a strategic decision to move into high tech video surveillance solutions. The company recently launched a high-profile activity sensor called AbiBird in the competitive “aging in place” market, but the product Mysell is most proud of is a multi-function security device that he says is “truly intelligent”. In this presentation, Mysell will relate the IoT journey his company has been on, delivering some of the first IoT products based on a national LPWAN network. He will discuss what technology and business model choices that had to be considered and the development methodologies employed. Building on his “if I knew four years ago what I know now”, he will pass on lessons learned for others looking to develop IoT based products or bespoke solutions for industrial settings. About the presenter: Robin has been CEO of ATF Services for nearly 6 years. Robin has used his strategic and leadership skills to successfully transform underperforming companies faced with tough economic and competitive environments in New Zealand, United Kingdom and Australia. He is a firm believer in technology and innovation to help improve business efficiency. Implementing continuous improvement and lean principles is one of his key transformation strategies.
  8. Anastasia Stefanuk

    New IoT Devices Made in Ukraine

  9. Nadine Cranenburgh

    IoT in Defence

    Introduction IoT, with its ability to capture and analyse data to generate insights, is emerging as an enabling technology for Defence in Australia, which is currently undergoing the most significant re-equipment since World War II. While Defence was a driver of technological developments such as GPS up until the 1960s and 1970s, private commerce is driving the development of technologies such as IoT, and Defence is positioning itself to leverage these technologies for its operations. This raises concerns about reliability and security of commercially sourced devices and communications networks. A major application is in national security, where Defence will increasingly rely on IoT, and advanced and autonomous systems to protect society from threats such as terrorism. Defence is taking an integrated approach to developing new technologies in collaboration with universities and industry, supported by the Next Generation Technologies Fund. Land applications The Fight Recorder is based on the concept of a ‘black box’ recorder for soldiers, this device uses sensors to capture information about soldiers, their actions and motions, the operating environment, and can also be used as an emergency distress beacon. Data is transmitted via micro-satellite communications, and there is also an independently powered recording device on board. Once integrated, the onboard global navigation satellite system (GNSS) chip is expected to operate once every few seconds or event and intervals of a minute unless it is actively transmitting as a beacon. One of the challenges of integrating the inertial measurement unit (IMU) and the GNSS chip is that the chip is power hungry and will drain batteries quickly. A potential problem with using microsatellite connected IoT devices as emergency beacons for soldiers is that the latency of low earth orbit satellites might cause a delay in response. The data captured by the fight recorder can be used to inform, design and performance soldier equipment and protective wear. A diagram of the Fight Recorder’s components is below. Diagram courtesy of Dr Alex Zelinski, Department of Defence This device also has the potential to be used to collect, log and transmit life signs such as heart rate and respiration. An operational concept diagram is shown below. Diagram courtesy of Dr Alex Zelinski, Department of Defence Recent developments in IoT low power electronic components, as well as long life battery technology, has made the deployment of these devices in real life defence environments more practical, as the battery could last for years without needing to be changed. Motion data can be downloaded at the end of the mission, but also progressively uploaded through micro-satellites currently in development. The analysis of motion data will be used in conjunction with computer models to develop accurate models of soldiers’ body movement. In turn, this will be used to develop event reconstruction algorithms for the Fight Recorder. An example of data analysis using other motion-detection devices is shown below. Diagram courtesy of Dr Alex Zelinski, Department of Defence Underwater applications Defence has used sonar array networks (using sonar buoys) for underwater IoT applications. They also make use of seabed sensor arrays deployed by organisations including the Australian Institute of Maritime Science and <spell out> NOAA in the US. In Australia, which has limited seabed arrays, there is also potential to use networked sensors mounted on unmanned underwater vehicles or vehicles on the surface of the water (unmanned boats) which could communicate among themselves or via microsatellite networks. The Internet of Military Things The Internet of Military Things concept uses sensors in remote, austere or degraded environments, internetworked through Low Earth Orbit (LEO) micro or nanosatellites. The aim is to provide persistent situational awareness of operational environments, for example, chemical threats; as well as the awareness of forces, for example, monitoring the health status of soldiers through Fight Recorders. This is illustrated in the diagram below. Diagram courtesy of Dr Alex Zelinski, Department of Defence The idea is to enable defence personnel to be able to rapidly deploy a network of sensors, including mobile sensors such as UAVs, which is uploaded to a cloud and shared with operators. A multinational defence trial was recently held in Adelaide to investigate the benefits of integrating wide-area aerial intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), ground sensors and target data to tactical operations in urban environments. Using an open systems architecture <link to open systems> for unattended sensors designed by the US military, the five nations participating in the trial (US, UK, Canada, NZ and Australia) were able to integrate technologies developed in each of their nations within a week for field testing. A second trial is planned in Canada and will integrate additional technologies including GPS-denied 3D mapping and an Internet of Military Things concept demonstrator. Collaboration with academia and industry Australian Defence is funding partnerships with IoT small to medium enterprises and universities through the Small Business Innovation Research for Defence (SBIRD) program which offers grants and collaborative research opportunities. This approach has been successful in stimulating innovation in Defence IoT and other technologies in the US. Challenges One of the challenges for IoT in defence is that military operations in remote areas or at sea may not have access to terrestrial communications networks. They are addressing this problem by tapping into low power, low-cost microsatellite communications. Other concerns are that in a conflict, satellite communications might not be available and that communication can reveal the location of the defence operator, which could put them in danger. One solution to these challenges which has been deployed in Defence is using UAVs as ‘data mules’ that move between various locations to collect and deliver data as illustrated below. Diagram courtesy of Dr Alex Zelinski, Department of Defence A fleet of UAVs intelligently can arbitrate among themselves to determine which vehicle goes to each particular location to collect or deliver data. This approach has challenges, including controlling multiple UAVs from the ground, the limited time of UAV continuous operation (typically three to six hours). Another challenge is keeping fixed sensors in the air at around 20,000 km above the Earth’s surface. Balloons have been trialled but were blown out of position by the wind. Heavy sensors and equipment can also be a challenge in the air. To decrease their reliance on satellite communications, Defence is also looking, in the long term, at directed point-to-point communication systems which combine electronic warfare radar and communications through a single device. Security Another challenge is ensuring that defence IoT devices and communications networks are not accessed by hostile parties. IoT technologies in Defence are currently in the experimental phase. When operational, significant investment will be made in anti-tamper devices such as auto-erase when a device is attacked. Satellites, particularly large, expensive satellites, are also vulnerable to attack. To address this issue, the US military is considering a private Defence Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite constellation with persistent global coverage. Sources The information on this page was primarily sourced from the following sources: Webinar titled ‘Defence Next Generation Technologies: Driving Innovation in Defence’ by Dr Alex Zelinsky AO, Chief Defence Scientist, Department of Defence.
  10. EvenChu

    Smart metering for water with the IoT

    Hi...as per my knowledge Water meters are installed at each of the inlets in an apartment, and the totalizers are placed as near as possible. Data from these smart meters is sent to the controller/totalizer, which is then sent to the cloud for further actions. Access to the cloud data via apps enables users to switch on/off the valve. For uninterrupted performance, the meters have a backup power source that can also be solar based. However, the cost of solar based batteries is still quite high and suppliers should keep track of OpEx of the projects to make them viable in the long run.
  11. Morteza Shahpari

    A whitepaper on NB-IoT

    Dear all, IEEE Communication Society just published a whitepaper from Anritsu about the NB-IoT. It is entitled "NB-IoT: Characteristics and Considerations for Design and Verification." It can be downloaded from here: https://event.on24.com/wcc/r/1787693/A92FD100BE9027E11FE04351AFF340DB I believe it might be of interest especially for those active on the communications sides of IoT. They don't have a strict sharing policy, so I attach the document here. Kind regards, nbiotwhitepaper1530112129543.pdf
  12. Julian Grodzicky

    Augmented reality (AR)

    A good, quick general overview of AR and it's applicability to data visualisation in IoT/IIoT. Further examples of AR authoring software (SDKs) that could have been mentioned: Unity 3D, Wikitude, Kudan, EasyAR, and especially opensource ARToolKit, which has been around for close? to 20 years. In the limitations of AR section, especially in industrial or field applications, a mention should be made of user immersion phenomena, and user immersion mitigation methods. Some further reading about SDKs: https://arvrjourney.com/best-ar-sdk-for-developing-ar-applications-560b8222f0fa
  13. Julian Grodzicky

    Augmented reality (AR)

    A good, quick general overview of AR and it's applicability to data visualisation in IoT/IIoT. Further examples of AR authoring software (SDKs) could have been mentioned: Unity 3D, Wikitude, Kudan, EasyAR, and especially opensource ARToolKit, which has been around for close? to 20 years. Further reading: https://arvrjourney.com/best-ar-sdk-for-developing-ar-applications-560b8222f0fa
  14. Andrew at MEA

    What does it take to be an IoT engineer?

    A ‘BeeTLE’ in the IoT Yippee! – no more USB cables to connect into our IoT devices to set them up! Our new measurement and data logging core – code-named the ‘BeeTLE’ during product development – uses a Blue Tooth Low Energy (BTLE) radio link instead. This is a non-trivial step forward in field measurements, because connectors are the weak-points in field enclosures. At 2.4GHz, enclosure walls are transparent to communications while remaining opaque to rain, sun, dust and wildlife. Similarly, the need for robust portable field computers has finally disappeared; mobile phones – already Bluetooth and 3G/4G enabled ­ – and custom apps pick up that load. For the past five months MEA’s product development focus has been on the development of the simplest possible and lowest-cost IoT device that could read our range of on-farm sensors. This BeeTLE core would be the fundamental logging platform from which future products would step off as we add LPWAN, CAT-M1, NB-IoT and satellite backhaul links. For the moment though, BeeTLEs need only human legs + smart phones + nimble fingers + modest intellect to go out there to fetch data. Data logging fills in the measurement gaps between visits, and the irrigator trades off his travel time against the convenience and higher capital cost of always-on IoT telemetry systems. There are no network Hubs or Gateways needed; the user has those in his pocket in the shape of his mobile phone. Telstra and their ilk provide the longer back-haul of data and send him the bill for those services. Green Brain – MEA’s existing database and farmer web app in the Cloud – provides all the long-term data storage. Once new data is uploaded from a BeeTLE through the mobile phone to Green Brain, graphical data all comes back down over the Internet to the same smart phone for data display. The devil is – of course – in the detail. What happens when the measurement site is out of 3G/4G coverage? (Answer: Unloading takes place normally between BeeTLE and phone, with data stored in the phone’s memory. Upload and data display happen automatically once the farmer returns within range of either Telstra or his home/office Wi-Fi system) Can multiple users – the farmer and his workers – unload the same BeeTLE? (Answer: Yes. Green Brain tracks and automatically synchronises phones and incoming data) And so on and so forth. Good software engineering ensures that the whole process is seamless and ultra-simple for the user, despite lots of clever stuff being needed behind the scenes to cope with all the edge cases. But what’s the really cool thing about Blue Tooth connectivity? The Beetle – now called a ‘GBLogger’ because its powered by Green Brain – needs no On-Off switch! If connectors are a pain, access to power switches elevates that enclosure vulnerability to a whole new level. But no switch is needed; the entire product runs on less than 25µA of current, allowing the GBLogger’s batteries to be loaded and sealed in at the factory with years of shelf life ahead. And Australian aircraft now allow ‘gate-to-gate’ usage of such low-power BT devices, so GBLoggers can be shipped by air while continuing to advertise their readiness to start logging at a moment’s notice. Figure 1 This simple MEA circuit board is at the heart of a battery-powered, Bluetooth-enabled smart-sensor and Green Brain-enabled data logger for the simplest possible MEA on-farm IoT platform
  15. The Internet of Things (IoT) market was worth USD 605.69 billion in 2014 owing to rising requirement for internet connectivity worldwide coupled with technological advancements. The emergence of start-ups in different industries to satisfy growing need of consumers is anticipated to result in increasing venture capital investments. The market is estimated to grow at 15.2 % to reach over USD 1.88 trillion by 2022. IoT market is projected to increase at a significant pace on account of its ability to improve efficiency and enable new services. IoT connects devices including industrial equipment and consumer electronics through a network that allows users to gather information and manage devices via software. Key factors that are expected to propel future growth include improving connectivity and internet access, data processing requirements and decreasing costs of internet enabled sensors. In addition, the market is likely to witness significant growth opportunities over the forecast period owing to increase in demand for gadgets such as wearable devices and futuristic elements including connected homes, vehicles, and cities coupled together with industrial internet of things (IIoT) To view summary of this report, click the link below: www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/iot-market The absence of universally accepted standards that give rise to security and privacy issues are expected to hamper growth in the industry. Moreover, the introduction of stringent rules and regulation in the U.S and Europe to tighten data security and privacy for internet users are anticipated to restrict further market growth. The global IoT market was dominated by device segment comprising of sensors and modules and contributed to over 30.0% of the overall market in 2014. The device segment is projected to witness significant growth opportunities through introduction of innovative IoT platforms as a substitute for competitor devices such as HomeKit by Apple Inc and Brillo by GoogeInc A significant revenue share in the IoT market is anticipated to be occupied by the consumer electronics application segment followed by manufacturing and retail. The introduction of new concepts such as connected cars in the transportation sector is expected to propel demand for IoT over the forecast period. In 2014, about 25.0% of the overall industry was acquired by this segment. Emerging economies such as Japan, India and China are expected to be the key drivers of IoT industry on account of manifestation of major component and technology manufacturers such as Huawei and Samsung coupled with the potential for the high-speed broadband internet. Asia Pacific is thereby projected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 16.0% over the next seven years. IoT is a dynamic market majorly fuelled by new product developments and enhancements in technology. Organizations are focussing on investing in IoT divisions, innovation labs, and R&D to obtain the first-mover advantage to expand globally and mark their presence. Key companies include major telecom and technology giants such as Alcatel-Lucent, Accenture PLC, Google Inc., Apple Inc., General Electric, IBM, Freescale Semiconductors, SAP SE and Samsung Electronics. About Grand View Research Grand View Research, Inc. is a U.S. based market research and consulting company, registered in the State of California and headquartered in San Francisco. The company provides syndicated research reports, customized research reports, and consulting services. To help clients make informed business decisions, we offer market intelligence studies ensuring relevant and fact-based research across a range of industries, from technology to chemicals, materials, and healthcare. For more information: www.grandviewresearch.com
  16. Andrew at MEA

    What does it take to be an IoT engineer?

    The IoT and the Iron Triangle The Christmas break was over and – in mid-January of this year – we regrouped here at MEA to figure out what our next product offering would be. Across the table from the engineering team sat our management and marketing folk who – for some reason – were looking us rather sternly in the eye. “Now” – said our MD – “we don’t set product development time-lines to meet market-launch opportunities but we need new product to go on show at the Irrigation Australia International Conference-Exhibition in Sydney between the 13th-15th June 2018” And so, it all began again… As engineering director, my job is to look blithely unconcerned at these times and to prevent panic breaking out among the younger engineers. Five months, to go from a clean sheet of paper to working prototypes that will utilize new technology across all the diversity of skill sets that form MEA’s IoT product development team – electronics, PCB layout, firmware phone app and web app developers, mechanical engineering and industrial design, manufacturing, packaging and all the usual interplay with our marketing, sales, operations and service people. Not to mention our suppliers… As engineering director, I don’t get to do anything specific in the way of design work anymore, but I’m expected to be across every facet of this IoT ‘sprint’ to an immovable goal post. So, I make use of the ‘Iron Triangle of Product Development’. This rule-of-thumb states that you have to continually make decisions between Quality, Cost and Time-to-Market. But you only get to choose two out of three, because they are all in their way mutually exclusive. What the rule doesn’t say is that different segments of the project get different mixes of choice. Sometime I’ll choose Quality and Speed at some additional production Cost. At other times I need to sacrifice Quality to Time-to-Market and lower Cost. And so on and so forth, literally on a daily basis. So, on this past Tuesday (June 12th, 2018) our marketing team flew into Sydney from Adelaide and Queensland with the expected new product good to launch. True, we only finished firmware a week ago, the phone app half a week ago, and a brand-new version of Green Brain just two days before. And we had to pull a few swifties by 3D-printing new parts of the enclosures rather than the more time-consuming business of creating injection-moulding tools. We took the risky step of prototyping PCB and early-production run PCB assemblies in China for the first time, because local manufacturers are not well set up for rapid and inexpensive prototyping. And we kind of skimmed over the extended field trials, relying on 35 years of data logging and field experience to direct our in-house testing. So, we made it, thanks to a deep well of company experience and rapid prototyping techniques. No doubt next week we’ll be getting the stern eye once again, and we’ll limp once more to the starting blocks.
  17. Tim Kannegieter

    Automation in the IoT Era

    Webinar Recording: This webinar has now passed. The recording can be viewed free by EA Members in MyPortal . Navigate to Functions >> Automation ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Title: Automation in the IoT era Description: Siemens has long been a leader in the field of automation and electrification, pioneering what are now considered traditional technologies like SCADA and PLCs. More than most companies, Siemens has been evolving its service offerings to take advantages of the new technologies encompassed by the Internet of Things. In this presentation, Siemen's Head of Digital Enterprise will provide an overview of how its product offerings have evolved to take advantage of the exponential increase in hardware and software capabilities. He will address the challenges posed by start-ups, cyber-security threats from more connected systems, and how Siemens is responding. A number of leading-edge case studies from around the world will highlight the massive changes that have occurred in automation over the last decade or so. About the presenter: Chris Vains has a rich background in electrical and electronic automation for the manufacturing industry with several years in the food and beverage industries. He is currently Head of Digital Enterprise driving strategy for Siemens digitalisation offerings in Australia and NZ and is responsible for introducing Siemen's Mindsphere IIoT platform to market as well as its Digital Factory. Before that, he was General Manager of Factory Automation and earlier the business unit manager for automation systems including SCADA. Prior to Siemens, he worked as a project engineer for Hitech Control Systems and was a sales engineer with Wonderware Australia.
  18. Tim Kannegieter

    NSW Health supporting IoT

    Interesting article here on NSW Health: https://www.pulseitmagazine.com.au/australian-ehealth/4395-nsw-health-rolling-out-wireless-core-platform-for-mobility-and-iot
  19. Tim Kannegieter

    Extension to Windows 10 IoT Core

    Windows IoT Core Services has been announced building on the original launched in 2015. See https://blogs.windows.com/windowsexperience/2018/06/05/windows-10-iot-tomorrows-iot-today/#OhHzc9pFA4Y6gc3C.97
  20. Tim Kannegieter

    Android Things Starter Kit

    See https://developer.android.com/things/get-started/kits
  21. Anastasia Stefanuk

    New IoT Devices Made in Ukraine

    P.S. Guys, did you hear about Ecoisme? Very cool and talented guys, I highly recommend them! Here more about Ukrainian IT scene.
  22. Andrew at MEA

    Smart Passive Sensors

    ON Semiconductor have introduced a range of IoT wireless sensors for measuring temperature, moisture, pressure and proximity that are battery-free and microcontroller-free—using standard protocols. https://www.allaboutcircuits.com/industry-articles/the-rundown-of-on-semiconductors-smart-passive-sensors-sps-for-the-iot/
  23. NewieVentures, an electronic product development consultancy, is kicking goals and thus on the hunt for a talented electronics or embedded systems engineer. Join a small team to make a big impact. We turn ideas into products and no two weeks are the same. From our suite of Smart Parking devices to industrial power test rigs, you’ll get the opportunity to apply every facet of your technical knowledge while still exercising your vision and sense of value. Our particular speciality is in the Internet of Things and LPWANs, from PCB design to cloud infrastructure. We believe in life-long learning and doing what you love. Looking for 5+ years experience or the insatiable desire to gain it, for a full-time role in Newcastle West. Contact me at heath@newie.ventures or on 0431 909 116. Call for Engineers.pdf
  24. Tim Kannegieter

    7 things you should know about IoT

    Recording: This webinar has now passed. Members of Engineers Australia can view the recording for free on MyPortal . Logon and navigate to Overview > Introduction. You can also view a list of all recordings. To be notified of upcoming webinars, register on this website and tick the newsletter box. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Title: 7 things you should know about IOT – before you start your next project Description: It’s impossible for any one person to get their head around every detail of the Internet of Thing. By paying attention to these critical areas you can maximise the benefits that IoT can bring to your next project. Every new project being planned today should be taking into account the new possibilities that the Internet of Things (IoT) brings to the table. However, for those new to the field the vast array of technologies and considerations can be hard to get your head around. The IoT Engineering Community of Engineers Australia is in the process of distilling its body of knowledge to just seven key points that every engineer should take into account before starting their next project. This session of the IoT Community will discuss the key technologies and processes including business planning, skills development, architecture, communications, sensors and electronics, cloud and analytics, and security. For each area we will present “the one thing you should know” and the panelists will debate the merit the point. Come armed with your own questions. About the presenters: Dr Tim Kannegieter: Tim is the knowledge manager of Engineers Australia with a long history of engineering journalism. Geoff Sizer: Geoff is CEO of Genesys Electronics Design and a past chair of Engineers Australia’s ITEE College Andrew Forster-Knight: Andrew is Group Manager Intelligent Systems, South East Water Andrew Skinner: Andrew is the Engineering Director at MEA Frank Zeichner: Frank is an Industry Associate Professor at UTS and CEO of the IoT Alliance Australia
  25. Description: Taggle currently manages over three million water meter readings per day, making it one of the largest remote sensing operators in Australia and arguably the most successful IoT implementation to date. While the company is still heavily focused on the water industry, it is now beginning to look at adjacent markets including agriculture and environmental monitoring. This case study describes the development of Taggle’s one-way water metering and remote sensing solution using LPWAN. Source: Based on a webinar delivered on 1 May 2018 to the Applied IOT Engineering Community of Engineers Australia by Mark Halliwell, Business Development Manager, Taggle Systems Biography: Mark Halliwell has a background in Electrical Engineering, and 20 years’ experience in business development roles with systems associated with SCADA, industrial automation, communications, environmental, AMR and other remote monitoring systems. He has previously worked for companies such as Advantech, Halytech and Schneider Electric. Introduction This case study describes the development of Taggle’s one-way water metering and remote sensing solution using LPWAN. While IoT developers and designers may get excited about what they can build into their latest creation, this can increase project costs by increasing the functionality beyond the user or client’s requirements. For example, if water meters are to have built-in leaks alerts, they require electronics which can monitor the flow of water, parameters to determine what constitutes a leak, power and electronics to allow parameter changes, and the processing power to detect leaks and communicate the alarm back to base. Because water utilities deploy millions of water meters, every dollar of functionality in each meter adds millions to the cost of rolling it out across their assets. An alternative is to take raw consumption data, feed it to the cloud, and process the data to answer the questions that the user needs answered. This is a much more economical approach, and changing the parameters is simpler as only the analytical algorithm needs to change, while the meters remain unchanged. The decision on whether one-way or two-way communications is used should be based on the requirements of the application and the minimum level of communications required to meet the users’ needs. The same applies to the choice of communications technology. A commonly used technology is a low power wide area network (LPWAN). One-way communications is very well suited to the collection of high volumes of data, and applications such as water metering which do not require remote control or communication back to devices. Two-way communications is better suited to low volume remote control applications where users collect data from the field and respond with a control output using the same communications network. Company focus Taggle’s business focus is to provide a cost-effective IoT solution for monitoring of distribution networks. Their goal is to enable customers to use data, rather than collect data. To this end the company provides “network as a service” to collect data for users, and allow them to analyse and use it as they need. The company first decided to concentrate on the water industry in 2012 or 2013. The diagram below shows a rough snapshot of the water supply system from the point of capture, through water treatment and delivery to reservoirs at that time. Diagram courtesy of Mark Halliwell, Taggle In the top part of the diagram above, the network asset value and the potential for saving water are relatively low, due to the high level of monitoring. But the distribution pipe networks between the reservoirs and consumers’ homes have a high network asset value (in the order of 60 to 70%). The level of monitoring is also low, and limited to a small number of pressure reducing valves. This leads to a high potential for further water savings with improved monitoring. Taggle realised that by adding smart water meters for every domestic customer, the utility providers could very quickly get a sense of what was happening in the distribution pipe network, and a view of what is now called “dark assets”. Communication Systems Taggle’s proprietary network is a one-way LPWAN solution, however they are equipped to provide two-way LPWAN and have recently deployed a combined Taggle/LoRa Base station in Townsville. They are also prepared to feed narrowband IoT through their network as a service, and can cater to 3G and satellite communications when required. System overview An overview of the Taggle remote sensing system is shown in the diagram below. Diagram courtesy of Mark Halliwell, Taggle Sensors are used to send data to the Taggle receiver network, which is then sent to a cloud server using 3G or 4G data communications where it can be accessed by users using analytical tools. Receiver Because the technology is based on pushing data from sensors to receiver, the receiver is the core of the system. Taggle uses a star topology with the receiver at the centre, which they describe as a very sophisticated software-defined radio (SDR). A high gain antenna allows the receiver to detect extremely weak signals, similarly to the way that mobile phones are able to detect the weak signals from GPS transmitters from satellites tens of kilometres away. A diagram of the receiver is shown below: Diagram courtesy of Mark Halliwell, Taggle The software allows the receiver to be easily reconfigured in the field. Each of the company’s 300 receivers conducts a spectrum analysis three times a day, and these spectrum snapshots are analysed to find interference or degraded signal strength. The company uses this information to make changes via their SDR to optimise reception. The receivers also feature Active Interference Cancellation to block out any interfering radio signals. This mechanism can be compared to noise cancelling headphones for radio, although it operates a bit differently. As a SDR which uses Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum technology, the receiver has a very high capacity when compared to other LPWAN receivers. Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum is similar to the technology used for CDMA and is the basis for some military communications. It is a frequency hopping technology invented in 1941 to provide secure communications for guiding torpedoes. Transmitters When Taggle built its network technology with receivers at its core, the company recognised that there was no point in building a network and hoping that people would join. Taggle saw it as necessary to also develop transmitters which could be used on their network. Because the company had discovered a niche market in collecting data for water meters, or automatic metre reading, it started to design transmitters specifically for water meters as shown in the diagram below. Diagram courtesy of Mark Halliwell, Taggle The transmitter in the middle of the diagram above was designed specifically for the Elster B100 meter, which is the most widely used water meter in Australia (about 75-80% of domestic water meters). The top transmitter is an Elster (now Honeywell) meter with a built-in Taggle radio that is totally integrated. The difference shows the transmitters’ evolution over the past seven or eight years. Transmitters can also be used for pressure and level sensors, and Taggle has used them in Adelaide with SA Water for water cooling. They are also starting to be used widely for rain guages, both for water utilities and also agriculture. They are also used in weather stations. The company also makes more sophisticated transmitters for multi-parameter devices. Some examples are shown below. Diagram courtesy of Mark Halliwell, Taggle Example of system deployment The diagram below shows an example of the application of Taggle’s water monitoring system in the New South Wales town of Narrandera. Diagram courtesy of Mark Halliwell, Taggle That network comprises about 2200 water metres, with data collected every hour by a single receiver (shown as a blue dot in the middle of the diagram). The range from transmitter to receiver is in the order of two kilometres. The following diagram shows the wider area around Narrandera, Goldenfields Water. The diagram shows that there is a much bigger network in that area, with Narrandera in the bottom left hand corner. Diagram courtesy of Mark Halliwell, Taggle The Goldenfields Water network includes approximately 12,500 water meters, spread over an area of around 22,500 square kilometres. The whole network is serviced by 30 receivers. This is a good example of how LPWANs can add value when collecting data from wide areas. Customer results Taggle’s first system deployment was with Mackay Regional Council in Queensland. The Mackay network comprises about 40,000 thousand meters. The data from these meters has told the Council that about 2.5% of properties have a leak (1500 properties per year). Armed with this data, the Council now sends out leak notices to ratepayers, which is good for public relations because the customer saves money and can address maintenance issues early to avoid structural damage. Mackay Council have also been able to use the data, to reduce the time to repair leaks from 150 to 60 days, and the overall consumption in the Mackay region has dropped by about 12%. This has meant that the Council has been able to defer a $100 million investment in a new water treatment plant by at least 12 years. Ratepayers have also benefited, with water charges on hold and expected to be reduced in the future. Taggle now has more than 25 water utilities as customers and has networks (including transmitters and receivers) collecting data from an area of about 300,000 square kilometres. This involves monitoring around 120,000 endpoints and delivering 3.5 million readings to customers daily. The diagram below shows the deployment of Taggle systems around Australia. Diagram courtesy of Mark Halliwell, Taggle Sources: The information on this page was primarily sourced from: Webinar titled ‘Water metering and remote sensing: When one-way is the better way’ by Mark Halliwell, Business Development Manager, Taggle Systems.
  26. Tim Kannegieter

    The ground truth of IOT

    Recording: This webinar has now passed. Members of Engineers Australia can view the recording for free on MyPortal. Logon and navigate to Practices > Systems Integration. You can also view a list of all recordings. To be notified of upcoming webinars, register on this website and tick the newsletter box. --------------------------------------- Title: The ground truth of IOT Presenter: Heath Raftery, Head of Technology, Newie Ventures Description: The reality of implementing IoT projects on the ground can often be very different from the what is espoused by vendors of new technologies. A key issue troubling systems integration in IoT projects is the different language and expectations used by various project stakeholders. For example, IoT is looking to penetrate markets dominated by traditional SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems. LPWAN and cloud vendors are talking to people who are running systems like Modbus and the language is often completely different. According to Heath Raftery, “IT people are now talking about edge computing as the new black but industrial people have always done computing at the edge”. Integrating the new approaches around legacy systems, or with clients who don’t understand the pros and cons of either, can produce multiple misunderstandings and “gotchas”. What is needed is a clear process translating customer intention into technical requirements, to ensure the right tool is selected for the job. This presentation will outline the experiences of Newie Ventures, providing tips for making IoT project run smoothly. It will be illustrated by a number of case studies including an industrial control application around automatic lighting systems. About the presenters: Heath has more than 15 years’ experience as a computer engineer, electrical designer, software developer, product designer, researcher and project manager. He specialises in the Internet of Things, hardware design for manufacturability, data analysis, embedded electronics, artificial intelligence and signal processing. He has previously worked for organisation such as ResTech, HRSoftWorks, Innov8 and Bureau Veritas. He is also the founder of STEM education company MiniSparx as well as the Newcastle IoT Pioneers group. When: 12pm (NSW time) 15 May 2018. The presentation will last 30 minutes followed by 30 minutes question time. Where: The presentation by webinar Cost: This presentation is free to members of Engineers Australia (EA), the Australian Computer Society (ACS), the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) and IEEE. Just provide your membership number during registration for the event. The cost for non-members is $30. How to register: Please register on the Engineers Australia event system linked above. Note, to register you need to have a free EA ID which you can get on the first screen of the registration page. Take note of your ID number for future events.
  27. Tim Kannegieter

    Smart Cities: A roadmap

    Recording: This webinar has now passed. Members of Engineers Australia can view the recording for free on MyPortal. Logon and navigate to Industry Applications > Smart Cities. Others can purchase the recording on EABooks. You can also view a list of all recordings. To be notified of upcoming webinars, register on this website and tick the newsletter box. Title: A Roadmap for Smart Cities Presenter: Adam Beck, Executive Director, Smart Cities Council Australia New Zealand Description: Smart cities are considered one of the key application markets for the Internet of Things. The aim is to use IoT technologies to help cities and economies around the world to build prosperity and liveability for their communities. However, the idea of a smart city is an elusive concept. What is required is a framework to develop an appropriate vision for any given city and progress this with a systematic roadmap. The Smart Cities Council was established to help governments and associated agencies achieve just this. This presentation will provide engineers with insights as to the focus of mayors, city planners and those responsible for managing cities. Key considerations for selecting the right IoT technologies are explored. About the presenters: Adam founded the ANZ branch of the Smart Cities Council and is also Cities Advisor to the Green Building Council of Australia. Is is Ambassador with Portland-based think tank EcoDistricts, where he was previously Director of Innovation. Before entering the non-profit sector, Adam spent 15 years with global consulting firms, including Arup. He was also lecturer and studio lead in social impact assessment and community engagement at the University of Queensland. Adam has dedicated his career of more than 20 years to advance city-building practices around the world, through the creation and deployment of frameworks, tools, and protocols that accelerate sustainability. When: 12pm (NSW time) 15 May 2018. The presentation will last 30 minutes followed by 30 minutes question time. Where: The presentation by webinar Cost: This presentation is free to members of Engineers Australia (EA), the Australian Computer Society (ACS), the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) and IEEE. Just provide your membership number during registration for the event. The cost for non-members is $30. How to register: Please register on the Engineers Australia event system linked above. Note, to register you need to have a free EA ID which you can get on the first screen of the registration page. Take note of your ID number for future events.
  28. Tim Kannegieter

    Other IoT resource sites

    Ours is not the only community or website aiming to document and explain the subject of the Internet of Things: Following are some other sites: Postscapes has an Internet of Things Handbook.
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